- n. 葡萄收获期；葡萄酒酿造期
- adj. 古老的；最佳的；过时的
- vt. 采葡萄；用葡萄酿酒
- vi. 采葡萄
- vintage:  The vintage is etymologically the ‘taking away of wine’. The word’s ultimate source is Latin vindēmia ‘grape gathering’, a compound noun formed from vīnum ‘wine’ (source of English wine) and dēmere ‘take away, take off’ (which in turn was a compound verb based on emere ‘buy, take’). This passed into English via Old French vendange as vendage, which by association with vintner  (another derivative ultimately of Latin vīnum) soon changed to vintage.
It continued at first to be restricted to the general sense ‘grape crop’. The specific application to the crop of a particular year did not begin to emerge until the 18th century, and this led at the end of the 19th century to the broad use of the word for ‘year when something was produced’. Connotations of ‘oldness’ were encouraged by its application to ‘vintage cars’, first recorded in 1928.
=> vine, vintner, wine
- vintage (n.)
- early 15c., "harvest of grapes, yield of wine from a vineyard," from Anglo-French vintage (mid-14c.), from Old French vendage, vendenge "vine-harvest, yield from a vineyard," from Latin vindemia "a gathering of grapes, yield of grapes," from comb. form of vinum "wine" (see wine (n.)) + stem of demere "take off" (from de- "from, away from" + emere "to take;" see exempt). Sense shifted to "age or year of a particular wine" (1746), then to a general adjectival sense of "being of an earlier time" (1883). Used of cars since 1928.
- 1. The museum will have a permanent exhibition of 60 vintage cars.
- 2. The 1985 vintage has a stronger bouquet and slight caramelly flavour.
- 3. Vintage ports must be decanted to remove natural sediments.
- 4. She loaded up his collection of vintage wines into crates.
- 5. At the press conference, James is on vintage form.
[ vintage 造句 ]