- adj. 显著的；突出的；跳跃的
- n. 凸角；突出部分
- n. (Salient)人名；(西)萨连特
CET6+ TEM8 GRE TOEFL
来自拉丁语 salire,跳，跳起，来自 PIE*sel,跳，词源同 sally,result,resilient.即跳跃的，跳出来 的，引申词义显著的，最重要的。
- salient:  Salient is one of a large number of English words that go back ultimately to Latin salīre ‘jump’. Others include assail, assault, desultory, insult, sally, sauté, and also salacious , which goes back to Latin salāx ‘given to leaping on to females in order to copulate’, a derivative of salīre. Salient itself comes from the present participle saliēns, and was originally used as a heraldic term, meaning ‘jumping’; the metaphorical ‘prominent’ did not emerge until the 18th century.
=> assail, assault, desultory, insult, result, salacious, sally, sauté
- salient (adj.)
- 1560s, "leaping," a heraldic term, from Latin salientem (nominative saliens), present participle of salire "to leap," from PIE root *sel- (4) "to jump" (cognates: Greek hallesthai "to leap," Middle Irish saltraim "I trample," and probably Sanskrit ucchalati "rises quickly").
It was used in Middle English as an adjective meaning "leaping, skipping." The meaning "pointing outward" (preserved in military usage) is from 1680s; that of "prominent, striking" first recorded 1840, from salient point (1670s), which refers to the heart of an embryo, which seems to leap, and translates Latin punctum saliens, going back to Aristotle's writings. Hence, the "starting point" of anything.
- salient (n.)
- 1828, from salient (adj.).
- 1. Chronic fatigue is also one of the salient features of depression.
- 2. She pointed out the salient features of the new design.
- 3. For the more salient remarks on the matter, cf. Isis Unveiled, Vol. I.
- 4. He took me around our new offices, pointing out all the salient features.
- 他领我去我们的新办公室参观, 并一一指出显著特色.
- 5. The soldiers had to remain in a deathtrap salient for most of the rest of the war.
[ salient 造句 ]