- n. （雕刻精美的）石棺；（古希腊人用来制石棺的）大理石
来自拉丁语 sarcophagus,石棺，来自希腊语 sarkophagos,石棺，石灰石制成的棺材，字面意思 为吃肉者，来自 sarx,肉，phagein,吃，词源同 anthropology,geophagy.比喻用法，因石灰石能 快速分解躯体。
- sarcophagus:  A sarcophagus is etymologically a ‘flesh-eater’: the word comes via Latin sarcophagus from Greek sarkophágos, a compound formed from sárx ‘flesh’ (source of English sarcasm) and -phágos ‘eating’. This originated as the term for a particular type of limestone that in the ancient world was used for making coffins, since bodies buried in them quickly decomposed. By extension it came to be used for the coffins themselves.
- sarcophagus (n.)
- c. 1600, "type of stone used for coffins," from Latin sarcophagus, from Greek sarkophagos "limestone used for coffins," literally "flesh-eating," in reference to the supposed action of this type of limestone (quarried near Assos in Troas, hence the Latin lapis Assius) in quickly decomposing the body, from sarx (genitive sarkos) "flesh" (see sarcasm) + phagein "to eat" (see -phagous). Related: Sarcophagal.
The "stone" sense was the earliest in English; meaning "stone coffin, often with inscriptions or decorative carvings" is recorded from 1705. The Latin word, shortened in Vulgar Latin to *sarcus, is the source of French cercueil, German Sarg "coffin," Dutch zerk "tombstone."
- 1. I can't wait to see his crystal sarcophagus !
- 我等不及想看到他的 水晶棺 了.
- 2. The Hearst Castle in California houses the Nine Muses Sarcophagus , a 3 rd Century sculptural masterpiece.
- 在加利福尼亚的赫斯特城堡的缪斯石棺, 九3世纪的雕塑的杰作.
- 3. There are now stricter relationship requirements for Woohooing with Sims in the Sarcophagus.
- 4. Carter and his colleagues dismembered much of the mummy while removing the body from its sarcophagus.
- 5. The centerpiece was a gold sarcophagus with the symbol of the Macedonian king.
[ sarcophagus 造句 ]