- n. 软木橡树皮；瓶塞；软木塞
- vt. 用瓶塞塞住
CET6 TEM4 IELTS
1. cognate with and influenced from both Latin quercus "oak" (see Quercus) and cortex (genitive corticis) "bark" (see corium).
2. cortex, corium, quercus => cork.
3. corkscrew => cork.
来自PIE*sker, 砍，切，词源同shear, carnal. 即切下来的树皮所做。
- cork:  The earliest ascertainable ancestor of cork is Spanish alcorque ‘cork sole’, which passed into English via Dutch kork. The initial al-, of course, suggests that this was of Arabic origin (al being the Arabic definite article), and it seems likely that it represents Arabic al-qūrq, which some have suggested came from Latin cortex ‘bark’, source of English cortex . The use of cork for a bottle-stopper made from cork dates from the early 16th century.
- cork (n.)
- c. 1300, from Spanish alcorque "cork sole," probably via Arabic and ultimately from Latin quercus "oak" (see Quercus) or cortex (genitive corticis) "bark" (see corium).
- place in Ireland, anglicized from Irish Corcaigh, from corcach "marsh."
- cork (v.)
- 1570s, "to put a cork sole on a shoe," from cork (n.)). Meaning "to stop with a cork" is from 1640s. Related: Corked; corking.
- 1. The seas grew turbulent, tossing the small boat like a cork.
- 2. We heard the pop of a cork.
- 3. Cork is a very buoyant material.
- 4. That fellow bobs up like a cork.
- 5. I escaped the heatwave in London earlier this summer and flew to Cork.
[ cork 造句 ]