英 ['sɪz(ə)m; 'skɪz(ə)m]
来自希腊语 schisma,分开，裂缝，来自 skhizein,分开，裂开，来自 PIE*skei,切，分，词源同 shed,scythe,schedule.原指欧洲的基督教教会分裂活动，后词义通用化。
- schism:  The Greek verb skhízein meant ‘split’ (it has given English schizophrenia, and a common source lies behind English schist , etymologically a ‘split rock’, and shit). From it was derived the noun skhísma, literally ‘split, division’, which in the Greek translation of the New Testament was applied to dissensions or discords between factions in the Church. English acquired it via late Latin schisma and Old French scisme or sisme.
=> concise, decide, schist, schizophrenia, scissors, shit
- schism (n.)
- late 14c., scisme, "dissention within the church," from Old French scisme, cisme "a cleft, split" (12c.), from Church Latin schisma, from Greek skhisma (genitive skhismatos) "division, cleft," in New Testament applied metaphorically to divisions in the Church (I Cor. xii.25), from stem of skhizein "to split" (see shed (v.)). Spelling restored 16c., but pronunciation unchanged. Often in reference to the Great Schism (1378-1417) in the Western Church.
- 1. The church seems to be on the brink of schism.
- 2. We are much too apt to look at schism in our church as an unmitigated evil.
- 3. While some predict schism, others predict a good old fashioned compromise.
- 在有些人预测分裂的同时, 另一些人预测了有益的老式妥协.
- 4. But the Chinese - American schism poses a dilemma for the next president.
- 5. Another schism like that and they will wind up in bankruptcy.
[ schism 造句 ]