英 [stænd] 美 [stænd]
  • vi. 站立;位于;停滞
  • vt. 使站立;忍受;抵抗
  • n. 站立;立场;看台;停止
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stand 站立,直立,站起

来自古英语 standan,站立,站起,来自 Proto-Germanic*standana,站立,来自 PIE*sta,站,站 立,词源同 stable,state.引申诸相关词义。

stand: [OE] Stand goes back ultimately to the prehistoric Indo-European base *stā- ‘stand’. This passed into Germanic as *sta-, *stō-. Addition of the suffix *-nd- produced *standan, source of English stand, while past forms were created with the suffix *-t-, which has given English stood. Another descendant of the Indo- European base was Latin stāre ‘stand’, a prolific source of English words (among them stage, stanza, state, station, statue, etc).
=> stable, stage, stall, stamina, stanza, state, static, station, statue, steed, stool, stud, system
stand (v.)
Old English standan "occupy a place; stand firm; congeal; stay, continue, abide; be valid, be, exist, take place; oppose, resist attack; stand up, be on one's feet; consist, amount to" (class VI strong verb; past tense stod, past participle standen), from Proto-Germanic *sta-n-d- (cognates: Old Norse standa, Old Saxon and Gothic standan, Old High German stantan, parallel with simpler forms, such as Swedish stå, Dutch staan, German stehen [see discussion in OED]), from PIE root *sta- "to stand" (see stet).

Sense of "to exist, be present" is attested from c. 1300. Meaning "encounter without flinching" is from 1590s; weaker sense of "put up with" is from 1620s. Meaning "to submit" (to chances, etc.) is from c. 1700. Meaning "to pay for as a treat" is from 1821. Meaning "become a candidate for office" is from 1550s. Nautical sense of "hold a course at sea" is from 1620s. Meaning "to be so high when standing" is from 1831.

Stand back "keep (one's) distance" is from c. 1400. Phrase stand pat is from poker (1882), earlier simply stand (1824 in other card games). To stand down is from 1680s, originally of witnesses in court; in the military sense of "come off duty" it is first recorded 1916. To let (something) stand is from c. 1200. To stand for is c. 1300 as "count for;" early 14c. as "be considered in lieu of;" late 14c. as "represent by way of sign;" sense of "tolerate" first recorded 1620s. Phrase stands to reason (1620) is from earlier stands (is constant) with reason.
stand (n.)
Old English stand "a pause, delay, state of rest or inaction," from the root of stand (v.). Compare Dutch and German stand (n.). Sense of "action of standing or coming to a position" is attested from late 14c., especially in reference to fighting (1590s). Sense of "state of being unable to proceed" is from 1590s.

Meaning "place of standing, position" is from early 14c.; figurative sense is from 1590s. Meaning "raised platform for a hunter or sportsman" is attested from c. 1400. Meaning "raised platform for spectators at an open-air event" is from 1610s; meaning "piece of furniture on which something is to be set" is from 1690s. Sense of "stall or booth" is first recorded c. 1500. Military meaning "complete set" (of arms, colors, etc.) is from 1721, often a collective singular. Sense of "standing growth" (usually of of trees) is 1868, American English. Theatrical sense of "each stop made on a performance tour" is from 1896. The word formerly also was slang for "an erection" (1867).
1. You have to know where to stand for a good viewpoint.


2. He ran a newspaper stand outside the American Express office.


3. The handles stand proud of the doors of the car.


4. The teapot came with a stand to catch the drips.


5. She is to stand as a Member of the European Parliament.


[ stand 造句 ]