- n. 微量；顾虑；踌躇
- vi. 有顾忌；踌躇
- vt. 对…有顾虑
TEM8 GRE TOEFL
3. scrup- (谐音“石颗路铺、石块路铺”)-----铺路的石块、石头 ----- scrup- "sharp stone or pebble" => scrupul- "small sharp stone".
4. => scruple, scrupulous.
来自拉丁语 scrupulus,顾忌，顾虑，良心不安，来自 scrupus,小石子，碎屑，可能来自 PIE*sker, 砍，切，词源同 scar,scree,scrap.比喻用法。
- scruple:  Latin scrūpus meant ‘sharp stone’, and the notion of something troubling the mind like a painful stone in the shoe led to its metaphorical use for ‘anxiety, doubt, particularly over a moral issue’. Both meanings were carried over into the diminutive form scrūpulus, which also came to be used for a very small unit of weight. This passed into English via French scrupule as scruple, on the way losing the literal sense ‘small stone’.
- scruple (v.)
- "to have or make scruples," 1620s, from scruple (n.). Related: Scrupled; scrupling.
- scruple (n.)
- "moral misgiving, pang of conscience," late 14c., from Old French scrupule (14c.), from Latin scrupulus "uneasiness, anxiety, pricking of conscience," literally "small sharp stone," diminutive of scrupus "sharp stone or pebble," used figuratively by Cicero for a cause of uneasiness or anxiety, probably from the notion of having a pebble in one's shoe. The word in the more literal Latin sense of "small unit of weight or measurement" is attested in English from late 14c.
- 1. He acted wrongly and without scruple.
- 2. The villain made no scruple of committing murder.
- 3. He did not scruple to talk crudely either.
来自汉英文学 - 中国现代小说
- 4. She didn't scruple to take Tom from his wife.
- 5. My only scruple in advising the match was on his account.
[ scruple 造句 ]