- adj. 紧张的；拉紧的
- vt. 变得紧张；使拉紧
- vi. 拉紧，变得紧张
- n. 时态
CET4 TEM4 考 研 TOEFL CET6
1. tens- + -e.
2. => stretched tightly.
3. tense (n.): "form of a verb showing time of an action or state," from Old French tens "time", from Latin tempus (see temporal).
- tense: English has two separate words tense. The older, ‘verb form indicating time’ , came via Old French tens from Latin tempus ‘time’ (source also of English temporal, temporary, etc). The original meaning ‘time’ survived into English, but died out in the early 16th century. The adjective tense  was adapted from tensus, the past participle of Latin tendere ‘stretch’ (source also of English tend, tendency, etc). It originally meant simply ‘stretched tight’, and the metaphorical ‘strained’ did not emerge until the 19th century. Tension  comes from the Latin derivative tensiō.
=> temporary; tend
- tense (adj.)
- "stretched tight," 1660s, from Latin tensus, past participle of tendere "to stretch, extend" (see tenet). Figurative sense of "in a state of nervous tension" is first recorded 1821. Related: Tensely; tenseness.
- tense (n.)
- "form of a verb showing time of an action or state," early 14c., tens "time," also "tense of a verb" (late 14c.), from Old French tens "time, period of time, era; occasion, opportunity; weather" (11c., Modern French temps), from Latin tempus "a portion of time" (also source of Spanish tiempo, Italian tempo; see temporal).
- tense (v.)
- "to make tense," 1670s, from tense (adj.); intransitive sense of "to become tense" (often tense up) is recorded from 1946. Related: Tensed; tensing.
- 1. Dart, who had at first been very tense, at last relaxed.
- 2. She seemed nervous or tense, and she was definitely short with me.
- 3. My arms are tired, and my back is tense.
- 4. His voice had lost its resonance; it was tense and strained.
- 5. When we are under stress our bodies tend to tense up.
[ tense 造句 ]