- adj. 固体的；可靠的；立体的；结实的；一致的
- n. 固体；立方体
- n. (Solid)人名；(瑞典)索利德
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
1、solid- => solid.
2、sol- "whole, entire" + -id.
3、字面含义：whole, entire. => firm, dense, solid.
来自拉丁语 solidus,整个的，完整的，健全的，来自 PIE*sol,整个的，词源同 hologram,safe. 引申诸相关比喻义。
- solid:  Solid comes via Old French solide from Latin solidus ‘solid, whole’ (source also of English solder and soldier and of the French coin term sou). It went back to the same base (Indo-European *sol-) that produced Latin sollus ‘whole’ (source of English solemn and solicit) and salvus ‘unharmed’ (source of English safe, save, etc).
=> solder, soldier, solemn, solicit
- solid (adj.)
- late 14c., "not empty or hollow," from Old French solide "firm, dense, compact," from Latin solidus "firm, whole, undivided, entire," figuratively "sound, trustworthy, genuine," from PIE *sol-ido-, suffixed form of root *sol- "whole" (cognates: Greek holos "whole," Latin salus "health," salvus "safe;" see safe (adj.)).
Meaning "firm, hard, compact" is from 1530s. Meaning "entirely of the same stuff" is from 1710. Of qualities, "well-established, considerable" c. 1600. As a mere intensifier, 1830. Slang sense of "wonderful, remarkable" first attested 1920 among jazz musicians. As an adverb, "solidly, completely," 1650s. Solid South in U.S. political history is attested from 1858. Solid state as a term in physics is recorded from 1953; meaning "employing printed circuits and solid transistors" (as opposed to wires and vacuum tubes) is from 1959. Related: Solidly.
- solid (n.)
- late 14c., "three-dimensional figure," from solid (adj.). Meaning "a solid substance" is from 1690s. Compare also solidus; Latin solidus (adj.) was used as a noun meaning "an entire sum; a solid body."
- 1. Solid low-level waste will be disposed of deep underground.
- 2. The car park was absolutely packed solid with people.
- 3. Banks are built to look solid to reassure their customers.
- 4. The wide road was blocked solid with traffic that moved along sluggishly.
- 5. Mr Zuma had a solid reputation as a grass roots organiser.
[ solid 造句 ]