- vi. 当裁判，任裁判
- vt. 仲裁，裁判
- n. 裁判员，仲裁人
来自古法语nonper, 奇数，不均，non-, 非，-per,对等，词源同 par. 引申词义第三者，裁判，参照testament, 第三人，见证，证据。
- umpire:  An umpire is etymologically someone who is ‘not the equal’ of others, and is therefore neutral between them. The word’s ultimate source is Old French nomper, a compound noun formed from the prefix non- ‘not’ and per ‘equal’ (source of English peer). This was borrowed into English in the 14th century as noumpere, but soon misdivision of a noumpere as an oumpere led to umpire (the same process produced adder from an original nadder).
- umpire (n.)
- mid-14c., noumper, from Old French nonper "odd number, not even," in reference to a third person to arbitrate between two, from non "not" (see non-) + per "equal," from Latin par (see par). Initial -n- lost by mid-15c. due to faulty separation of a noumpere, heard as an oumpere. Originally legal, the gaming sense first recorded 1714 (in wrestling).
- umpire (v.)
- 1610s, from umpire (n.). Related: Umpired; umpiring.
- 1. The umpire's decision is final.
- 2. We need someone to umpire.
- 3. The boys had an altercation over the umpire's decision.
- 4. The umpire's duty is to see that competition is fair play.
- 5. The umpire ruled that the batsman was out.
[ umpire 造句 ]