CET4 TEM4 考 研 TOEFL
1. spike => spine.
来自拉丁语 spina,脊柱，脊椎，尖刺，来自 PIE*spei,刺，尖刺，词源同 spike,spire.
- spine:  Spine comes via Old French espine from Latin spīna ‘thorn’, which was probably derived from the same base as spīca ‘ear of corn’ (source of English spike ‘pointed flower head’). The metaphorical extension ‘backbone’ developed in Latin, perhaps via ‘prickle’ and ‘fish bone’. A spinney  is etymologically a ‘thorny thicket’. The word comes via Old French espinei from Vulgar Latin *spīnēta, an alteration of Latin spīnētum ‘thorny hedge’, which was derived from spīna.
=> spike, spinney
- spine (n.)
- c. 1400, "backbone," later "thornlike part" (early 15c.), from Old French espine "thorn, prickle; backbone, spine" (12c., Modern French épine), from Latin spina "backbone," originally "thorn, prickle" (figuratively, in plural, "difficulties, perplexities"), from PIE *spe-ina-, from root *spei- "sharp point" (see spike (n.1)). Meaning "the back of a book" is first attested 1922.
- 1. He felt the hardness of the iron railing press against his spine.
- 2. This movement lengthens your spine and tones the spinal nerves.
- 3. Her spine curved.
- 4. The emptiness here sent shivers down my spine.
- 5. He suffered from curvature of the spine.
[ spine 造句 ]