- n. 石灰；酸橙；绿黄色
- vt. 撒石灰于；涂粘鸟胶于
- adj. 绿黄色的
- n. (Lime)人名；(法)利姆
TEM4 CET4 CET6
1. limb <===> lamb.
2. limp <===> lamp.
3. lime <===> lame.
- lime: English has three distinct words lime, of which by far the oldest is lime the ‘chalky substance’ [OE]. It goes back to a prehistoric Germanic *līm- (shared also by German leim, Dutch lijm, and Swedish limma), a variant of which also produced English loam [OE]. Lime the ‘citrus fruit’  comes via French lime and Provençal limo from Arabic līmah ‘citrus fruit’, which was also the source of English lemon .
And lime the ‘tree’  is an alteration of an earlier line, a variant of lind ‘lime tree’ (the closely related linden was acquired in the 16th century, from German lindenbaum or early modern Dutch lindenboom ‘lime tree’).
=> loam; lemon; linden
- lime (n.1)
- "chalky mineral used in making mortar," from Old English lim "sticky substance, birdlime, mortar, cement, gluten," from Proto-Germanic *leimaz (cognates: Old Saxon, Old Norse, Danish lim, Dutch lijm, German Leim "birdlime"), from PIE root *(s)lei- "slime, slimy, sticky" (cognates: Latin limus "slime, mud, mire," linere "to smear;" see slime (n.)). Lime is made by putting limestone or shells in a red heat, which burns off the carbonic acid and leaves a brittle white solid which dissolves easily in water. Hence lime-kiln (late 13c.), lime-burner (early 14c.). As a verb, c. 1200, from the noun.
- lime (n.2)
- greenish-yellow citrus fruit, 1630s, probably via Spanish lima, from Arabic limah "citrus fruit," from Persian limun "lemon" (see lemon (n.1)). Related: Limeade (1892), with ending as in lemonade.
- lime (n.3)
- "linden tree," 1620s, earlier line (c. 1500), from Middle English lynde (early 14c.), from Old English lind "lime tree" (see linden). Klein suggests the change of -n- to -m- probably began in compounds whose second element began in a labial (such as line-bark, line-bast). An ornamental European tree unrelated to the tree that produces the citrus fruit.
- 1. Lemon and lime juice were both temporarily out of stock.
- 2. She wore a lime-green trouser suit.
- 3. Sophie looked chic in lime green and navy.
- 4. Add a few drops of lime juice.
- 5. I'll have a vodka and lime.
[ lime 造句 ]