- n. 马厩；牛棚
- adj. 稳定的；牢固的；坚定的
- vi. 被关在马厩
- vt. 赶入马房
- n. (Stable)人名；(英)斯特布尔
CET4 TEM4 考 研 TOEFL CET6
4. And stable represents a parallel Latin formation to the Germanic stall (it has become specialized to a 'building for horses', whereas stall developed to 'standingplace for a single animal').
来自拉丁语 stare,站立，词源同 stand.-able,形容词后缀。stable 马厩，马房，养马场
来自拉丁语 stabulum,马厩，棚屋，妓院，来自 stare,站立，词源同 stand,-bulum,工具格后缀， 词源同 table,fable.
- stable: English has two distinct words stable, but both come ultimately from the same source: the Indo-European base *stā- ‘stand’, ancestor also of English stand. The adjective stable  comes via Old French estable from Latin stabilis ‘standing firm’, which has also given English establish, stability , and stabilize . It was formed from the base *stā-, as was Latin stabulum ‘standing-place’, hence ‘enclosure for animals’, which English acquired via Old French estable as stable . The corresponding Germanic formation, also based on *stā-, is stall. A constable is etymologically an ‘officer in charge of stables’.
- stable (n.)
- early 13c., "building or enclosure where horses or cows are kept, building for domestic animals," from Old French stable, estable "a stable, stall" (Modern French étable), also applied to cowsheds and pigsties, from Latin stabulum "a stall, fold, aviary, beehive, lowly cottage, brothel, etc.," literally "a standing place," from PIE *ste-dhlo-, suffixed form of root *sta- "to stand" (see stet).
Meaning "collection of horses belonging to one stable" is attested from 1570s; transferred sense of "group of fighters under same management" is from 1897; that of "group of prostitutes working for the same employer" is from 1937.
For what the grete Stiede
Is stole, thanne he taketh hiede,
And makth the stable dore fast.
[John Gower, "Confessio Amantis," 1390]
- stable (adj.)
- mid-12c., "trustworthy, reliable;" mid-13c., "constant, steadfast; virtuous;" from Old French stable, estable "constant, steadfast, unchanging," from Latin stabilis "firm, steadfast, stable, fixed," figuratively "durable, unwavering," literally "able to stand," from PIE *ste-dhli-, from root *sta- "to stand" (see stet). From c. 1300 as "well-founded, well-established, secure" (of governments, etc.). Physical sense of "secure against falling" is recorded from late 14c.; also "of even temperament." Of nuclear isotopes, from 1904.
- stable (v.)
- "to put in a certain place or position," c. 1300; "to put (a horse) in a stable," early 14c., from stable (n.) or from Old French establer. Related: Stabled; stabling.
- 1. The price of oil should remain stable for the rest of 1992.
- 2. Their characters are fully formed and they are both very stable children.
- 3. We'vegot stable labor, decreasing interest rates, low oil prices.
- 4. As chief executive, he assembled a polished stable of celebrities.
- 5. Miss Curling won on two horses from Mick Trickey's stable.
[ stable 造句 ]