英 [sɒp] 美 [sɑp]
  • n. 面包片;湿透的东西;懦夫;小贿赂
  • vt. 吸水;浸湿;贿赂
  • vi. 湿透;渗透
  • n. (Sop)人名;(老、柬)索
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1. soup (汤) => sup => sop => sip.
sop 用汤汁浸泡的面包片,小礼物,小贿赂,浸没,浸湿

来 自 中 古 英 语 sop, 小 礼 物 , 小 贿 赂 , 来 自 古 英 语 sopa, 用 汤 汁 浸 泡 的 面 包 片 , 来 自 Proto-Germanic*supo,汤,浓汤,来自 PIE*seue,液体,汁液,词源 soup,sup.引申词义用于安 抚的小恩小惠,小礼物,来自或受影响自古希腊神话中的女神谕 Sibyl 用汤汁浸的面包片讨

sop: [OE] The word sop originally denoted a ‘piece of bread, cake, etc dipped into water, milk, wine, or similar liquid’. The modern metaphorical meaning ‘something given to gain favour, bribe’ did not emerge until the mid-17th century, in allusion to the piece of bread soaked in enticing honey but spiked with a soporific drug that was given to the guard dog Cerberus to put him to sleep so that Aeneas could visit the Underworld.

The word goes back ultimately to the same prehistoric Germanic base (*sup-) that produced English sip and sup ‘drink’, and also, via the Romance languages, soup and supper. The corresponding verb sop ‘dip in liquid’ now survives only in the present participial form sopping ‘soaking wet’ [19].

=> sip, soup, sup, supper
sop (n.)
Old English sopp- "bread soaked in some liquid," (in soppcuppe "cup into which sops are put"), from Proto-Germanic *supp-, related to Old English verb suppan (see sup (v.2)), probably reinforced by Old French soupe (see soup (n.)). Meaning "something given to appease" is from 1660s, a reference to the sops given by the Sibyl to Cerberus in the "Aeneid."
sop (v.)
Old English soppian, from the source of sop (n.). Related: Sopped; sopping.
1. This is an obvious sop to the large Irish-American audience.


2. The 82.5 % of patients with acquired SOP were accompanied with diplopia.


3. This approval process should be addressed in the firm's SOP.


4. Provide SOP electric training for electrician and relative person from other department.


5. Directs and supervises production process to align with SOP.


[ sop 造句 ]