英 [,suːpə'siːd; ,sjuː-]
- vt. 取代，代替；紧接着……而到来
- vi. 推迟行动
TEM8 IELTS GRE
- supersede:  Etymologically, to supersede something is to ‘sit above’ it, hence to ‘be above’ it or ‘desist’ from doing it. The word comes via Old French superseder from Latin supersedēre ‘desist from’, a compound verb formed from the prefix super- ‘above’ and sedēre ‘sit’ (source of English sedentary, session, etc).
It carried the sense ‘desist from’ with it into English (‘I could not see, but your both majesties must supersede and give place to your ardent appetites, in concluding of the said marriage’, State Papers of Henry VIII 1527), but this gradually evolved via ‘set aside’ to ‘take the place of something set aside’. The word is frequently spelled supercede, as if it came from Latin cēdere ‘go’, and there are long-standing historical precedents for this, going back via Old French superceder to medieval Latin supercēdere.
=> sedentary, session
- supersede (v.)
- mid-15c., Scottish, "postpone, defer," from Middle French superceder "desist, delay, defer," from Latin supersedere literally "sit on top of;" also, with ablative, "stay clear of, abstain from, forbear, refrain from," from super "above" (see super-) + sedere "to sit" (see sedentary). Meaning "displace, replace" first recorded 1640s. Related: Superseded; superseding.
- 1. We must supersede old machines by new ones.
- 2. The use of robots will someday supersede manual labor.
- 3. We must supersede old machines by [ with ] new ones.
- 4. We should supersede outdated regulations and customs.
- 5. Do blundering old military dug - outs love the successful young captains who supersede them?
- 难道那些作战失利的老行伍会爱那些取代他们的青云直上的青年军官 吗 ?
[ supersede 造句 ]