来自拉丁语 supinus,平躺的，来自 PIE*sup,在下，词源同 sub-,sup-.
- supine:  Supine means literally ‘lying on one’s back’. It comes from Latin supīnus. This was derived from a prehistoric base *sup- ‘up’ which also produced Latin super ‘above, over’ (and summus, source of English sum), so the word’s etymological meaning is presumably ‘with the front of one’s body upwards’. The metaphorical sense ‘inactive’ evolved in Latin. The origins of the use of supine as a noun, to designate a type of ‘verbal noun’, are not known.
- supine (adj.)
- c. 1500, "lying on the back," from Latin supinus "bent backwards, thrown backwards, lying on the back," figuratively "inactive, indolent," from PIE *(s)up- (see sub-). The grammatical use for "Latin verbal noun formed from the past participle stem" (mid-15c.) is from Late Latin supinum verbum "supine verb," perhaps so called because, though furnished with a noun case ending, it "falls back" on the verb. Related: Supinely.
- 1. I lay supine on the poolside grass.
- 2. John is obedient and supine.
- 3. He always sleeps in a supine position.
- 4. He may be turned from side to supine to prone position.
- 5. Sebastian had been supine on the sunny seat in the colonnade, as he was now.
- 在柱廊里, 塞巴斯蒂安就象现在这样仰卧在洒满阳光的位子上.
[ supine 造句 ]