- n. 甲状腺；甲状软骨；甲状腺剂
- adj. 甲状腺的；盾状的
1. door => thyr- ( d -> th, oo -> u ->y ) + -oid.
2. => the things that like door-shaped shield.
来自希腊语 thyreoiedes,盾形的，来自 thyra,门，词源同 door,-eides,形状，形体，即常见后缀 -oid,类。古希腊著名医生 Galan 借用该词用以指甲状腺，因其形如盾甲而得名。
- thyroid:  The thyroid glands are situated in the neck, and they get their name ultimately from a comparison of the shape of the large oblong cartilage in front of the throat (which includes the Adam’s apple) with that of a door. The word comes via early modern French thyroide from Greek thuroidés ‘door-shaped’, an alteration of thureoeidés, which was derived from thúrā ‘door’ (a relative of English door). The term khóndros thureoiedés, literally ‘door-shaped cartilage’, was used by the Greek physician Galen for the ‘cartilage in front of the throat’ (now known in English as the thyroid cartilage).
=> door, foreign
- thyroid (adj.)
- 1690s (in reference to both the cartilage and the gland), from Greek thyreoiedes "shield-shaped" (in khondros thyreoiedes "shield-shaped cartilage," used by Galen to describe the "Adam's apple" in the throat), from thyreos "oblong, door-shaped shield" (from thyra "door," from PIE *dhwer-; see door) + -eides "form, shape" (see -oid). The noun, short for thyroid gland, is recorded from 1849.
- 1. Iodine tends to localize in the thyroid.
- 2. A rim of thyroid parenchyma is seen at the left.
- 3. Cracks will occur in the region of the thyroid cartilage because of deglutition.
- 4. Thyroid cancer would have been diagnosed at least a year before his death.
- 5. Two side thyroid gland appearance, densities such as often.
- 两侧甲状腺形态 、 密度如常.
[ thyroid 造句 ]