### topography

• n. 地势；地形学；地志
IELTS TOEFL

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topography 地形，地势，地貌，地形学

topography (n.)
early 15c., "description of a place," from Late Latin topographia, from Greek topographia "a description of a place," from topos "place" (see topos) + -graphia (see -graphy). Meaning "collective features of a region" is from 1847. Related: Topographic; topographical; topographically.
1. a map showing the topography of the island

2. The topography of the river's basin has changed significantly since the floods.

3. The motion of shallow waters is strongly dependent on the bottom topography.

4. Landforms of topography, vegetation and climate are influential factors in formation of soils.

5. Anomalies due to polarization can be so much larger than those resulting from topography.