英 ['trɔːmə; 'traʊmə]
- n. [外科] 创伤（由心理创伤造成精神上的异常）；外伤
- n. (Trauma)人名；(西)特劳马
来自希腊语 trauma,创伤，伤害，来自 PIE*trau,扩展自 PIE*tere,转动，刮擦，词源同 turn,torment. 引申词义精神创伤，痛苦，挫折等。
- trauma (n.)
- 1690s, "physical wound," medical Latin, from Greek trauma "a wound, a hurt; a defeat," from PIE *trau-, extended form of root *tere- (1) "to rub, turn," with derivatives referring to twisting, piercing, etc. (see throw (v.)). Sense of "psychic wound, unpleasant experience which causes abnormal stress" is from 1894.
- 1. I'd been through the trauma of losing a house.
- 2. He confronted his childhood trauma and tried to exorcise the pain.
- 3. The phobia may have its root in a childhood trauma.
- 4. Counselling is helping him work through this trauma.
- 5. The officers are claiming compensation for trauma after the disaster.
[ trauma 造句 ]