- n. 转环；转椅座架
- vt. 使旋转
- vi. 旋转
1. swoop => sweep => PIE root *swei- "swing, bend, turn, move in a sweeping manner" => swivel.
2. frequentative form of sweep.
来自古英语 swifan,旋转，转动，来自 Proto-Germanic*swif,旋转，来自 PIE*swei,弯，转，摇 摆，词源同 swing,sweep.-el,工具格后缀。
- swivel: see swift
- swivel (n.)
- c. 1300, "coupling device that allows independent rotation," from frequentative form of stem of Old English verb swifan "to move in a course, revolve, sweep" (a class I strong verb), from Proto-Germanic *swif- (cognates: Old Frisian swiva "to be uncertain," Old Norse svifa "to rove, ramble, drift"), from PIE root *swei- (2) "to turn, bend, move in a sweeping manner."
Related Middle English swive was the principal slang verb for "to have sexual intercourse with," a sense that developed c. 1300. This probably explains why, though the root is verbal, the verb swivel is not attested in Modern English until 1794. Compare Middle English phrase smal-swivinge men "men who copulate infrequently."
- swivel (v.)
- 1794 (transitive), from swivel (n.). Intransitive use from 1846. Related: Swiveled; swiveling; swivelled; swivelling.
- 1. His chairs can swivel, but they can't move up or down.
- 2. She returned to the swivel chair behind her desk.
- 3. He leaned back in the swivel chair and locked his fingers behind his head.
- 4. Flora restored the heavy swivel chair to its upright position.
- 5. The swivel had been oiled to perfection.
[ swivel 造句 ]