英 ['tɜːbaɪn; -ɪn]
CET6+ TEM8 CET4 IELTS 考 研 CET6
2、turbin- + -e.
来自法语 turbine,汽轮机，涡轮机，来自拉丁语 turbinis,旋转的，来自 turbo,旋转，旋顶，回 旋，来自 PIE*stwer,旋转，转动，词源同 stir,storm.
- turbine:  Latin turbō denoted ‘whirl’, ‘whirling thing’, or ‘whirlwind’, and also ‘spinning-top’ (it was related to turba ‘disturbance, crowd’, source of English disturb, trouble, etc). From it around 1824 was coined French turbine, applied originally to a revolving wheel on an axis, driven by water-pressure. It was borrowed into English in the early 1840s.
=> disturb, trouble
- turbine (n.)
- 1838, from French turbine (19c.), from Latin turbinem (nominative turbo) "spinning top, eddy, whirlwind, that which whirls," related to turba "turmoil, crowd" (see turbid). Originally applied to a wheel spinning on a vertical axis driven by falling water. Turbo in reference to gas turbine engines is attested from 1904.
- 1. Damage to the turbine slowed the work down.
- 2. The spinning turbine creates a vacuum.
- 3. The work consisted of throwing up embankments and installing water turbine pumps.
- 4. The gas turbine feeds on the fuel it pumps.
- 5. A disadvantage of the turbine is that it is not reversible.
[ turbine 造句 ]