- n. 李子；梅子；洋李；紫红色
- adj. 人所希望的；有利的；上等的
- n. (Plum)人名；(德、西)普卢姆；(英)普拉姆
1. prune <=====> plum (同源词，Change of pr- to pl- is peculiar to Germanic.)
2. 区别：plume, plum.
来自古英语plume,李子，李子树，来自Proto-Germanic*prumon,李子，来自拉丁语prunum, 李子，词源同prune.字母r,l 音变，比较peregrinate,pilgrim.
- plum: [OE] Plum and prune ‘dried plum’ are ultimately the same word. Their common ancestor was Greek proumnon, a word which originated somewhere in Asia Minor. This was later contracted to prounon, and borrowed into Latin as prōnum. Its plural prōna came to be regarded in post-classical times as a singular, and this is where English gets prune from, but prōna was also borrowed into prehistoric Germanic, and many of its descendants here have had their r changed to l (the two are close together phonetically) – hence German pflaume, Swedish plommon, and English plum.
- plum (n.)
- Old English plume "plum, plum tree," from an early Germanic borrowing (Middle Dutch prume, Dutch pruim, Old High German pfluma, pfruma, German Pflaume) from Vulgar Latin *pruna, from Latin prunum "plum," from Greek prounon, later form of proumnon, of unknown origin, perhaps from an Asiatic language (Phrygian?). Also see prune (n.). Change of pr- to pl- is peculiar to Germanic. The vowel shortened in early modern English. Meaning "something desirable" is first recorded 1780, probably in reference to the sugar-rich bits of a plum pudding, etc.
- 1. Laura landed a plum job with a smart art gallery.
- 2. Italian plum tomatoes have a full flavour, and are best for cooking.
- 3. The plum season is about to begin.
- 4. She's landed a plum job at the BBC.
- 5. The new job that he's got is a real plum.
[ plum 造句 ]