- n. 汽车；车厢
- n. (Car)人名；(土)贾尔；(法、西)卡尔；(塞)察尔
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
1. car 原被音译为“卡、卡车”，后来卡车含义缩小为专指“载货汽车”，于是就变成了 truck 的含义， 而 car 则用以泛指各种汽车。
来自词根cur, 跑，词源同current, chariot。
- car:  Car seems first to have been used as an independent term for a road vehicle powered by an internal-combustion engine in 1896, in the publication Farman’s Auto-Cars (the compounds autocar and motorcar are a year earlier). But the word is of course of far longer standing as a general term for a wheeled conveyance. It comes ultimately from an unrecorded Celtic *karros, via Latin carrus ‘two-wheeled wagon’, Vulgar Latin *carra, and Anglo-Norman carre or car; it is probably linked with current and course, giving an underlying meaning ‘move swiftly’.
English words derived at some point or other from the same source include career, carriage, carry, charge, and chariot.
=> career, caricature, carriage, carry, charge, chariot, course, current
- car (n.)
- c. 1300, "wheeled vehicle," from Anglo-French carre, Old North French carre, from Vulgar Latin *carra, related to Latin carrum, carrus (plural carra), originally "two-wheeled Celtic war chariot," from Gaulish karros, a Celtic word (compare Old Irish and Welsh carr "cart, wagon," Breton karr "chariot"), from PIE *krsos, from root *kers- "to run" (see current (adj.)).
"From 16th to 19th c. chiefly poetic, with associations of dignity, solemnity, or splendour ..." [OED]. Used in U.S. by 1826 of railway freight carriages and of passenger coaches on a railway by 1830; by 1862 of a streetcar or tramway car. Extension to "automobile" is by 1896, but from 1831 to the first decade of 20c. the cars meant "railroad train." Car bomb first 1972, in reference to Northern Ireland. The Latin word also is the source of Italian and Spanish carro, French char.
- 1. He slewed the car against the side of the building.
- 2. If you build more plastics into cars, the car lasts longer.
- 3. Their first car rolls off the production line on December 16.
- 4. Driving a boat is not the same as driving a car.
- 5. Check the oil at regular intervals, and have the car serviced regularly.
[ car 造句 ]