- vi. 吐痰；吐口水；发出劈啪声
- vt. 吐，吐出；发出；发射
- n. 唾液
CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 CET6
来自拟声词根辅音丛 sp-,吐，喷出，比较 spate,spew,spit,spout,sputter.spit 烤肉扦
来自古英语 spitu,烤肉扦，来自 Proto-Germanic*spituz,尖刺，来自 PIE*spei,尖刺，尖点，词 源同 spike,spire.
- spit: English has two words spit in current usage. Spit ‘eject saliva’ [OE] is one of a sizable group of English words beginning sp- which denote ‘ejecting or discharging liquid’. Others include spew [OE], spout , spurt , and sputter . They all go back ultimately to an Indo- European base *spyēu-, *spyū-, etc, imitative of the sound of spitting, which also produced Latin spuere ‘spit’ (source of English cuspidor  and sputum ).
The immediate source of spit itself was the prehistoric Germanic base *spit-, a variant of which, *spāt-, produced English spittle  (originally spattle, but changed through association with spit). Spit for roasting things on [OE] comes from a prehistoric Germanic *spituz, which also produced German spiess and Dutch spit.
=> cuspidor, spew, spout, spurt, sputter, sputum
- spit (v.1)
- "expel saliva," Old English spittan (Anglian), spætan (West Saxon), transitive and intransitive, past tense *spytte, from Proto-Germanic *spitjan, from PIE *sp(y)eu-, of imitative origin (see spew (v.)). Not the usual Old English word for this; spætlan (see spittle) and spiwan are more common; all are from the same root. To spit as a gesture of contempt (especially at someone) is in Old English. Related: Spat; spitting.
- spit (n.1)
- "saliva," early 14c., from spit (v.1). Meaning "the very likeness" in modern use is attested from 1825 (as in spitting image, attested from 1887); compare French craché in same sense. Spit-curl (1831) was originally considered colloquial or vulgar. Military phrase spit and polish first recorded 1895.
- spit (n.2)
- "sharp-pointed rod for roasting meat," late Old English spitu "a spit," from Proto-Germanic *spituz (cognates: Middle Dutch and Dutch spit, Swedish spett (which perhaps is from Low German), Old High German spiz, German Spieß "roasting spit," German spitz "pointed"), from PIE *spei- "sharp point" (see spike (n.1)). This is also the source of the word meaning "sandy point" (1670s). Old French espois, Spanish espeto "spit" are Germanic loan-words. The verb meaning "to put on a spit" is recorded from c. 1200.
- spit (v.2)
- c. 1200, "put on a spit, thrust with a spit," from late Old English sputtian "to spit" (for cooking), from spit (n.2). Meaning "pierce with a weapon, transfix, impale" is from early 15c. Related: Spitted; spitting. Nares' Glossary has spit-frog "a small sword."
- 1. The gang thought of hitting him too, but decided just to spit.
- 2. Notices in the waiting room requested that you neither smoke nor spit.
- 3. She roasted the meat on a spit.
- 4. The travellers looked weather - beaten , there was little spit and polish.
- 旅客们满面风尘, 仪容不整.
- 5. If you must spit at all, please spit in the bucket provided.
- 如果你非吐不可, 就请吐到备好的痰桶里.
[ spit 造句 ]