- n. 保释，保释人；保释金；杓
- vt. 保释，帮助某人脱离困境；往外舀水
- n. (Bail)人名；(英)贝尔；(法)巴伊
CET6+ TEM4 GRE
1. bail 保释 “贝尔被保释出来了”
- bail: There are now three distinct words bail in English, although they may all be related. Bail ‘money deposited as a guarantee when released’  comes from Old French bail, a derivative of the verb baillier ‘take charge of, carry’, whose source was Latin bājulāre ‘carry’, from bājulus ‘carrier’. Bail ‘remove water’ , also spelled bale, probably comes ultimately from the same source; its immediate antecedent was Old French baille ‘bucket’, which perhaps went back to a hypothetical Vulgar Latin *bājula, a feminine form of bājulus.
The bail on top of cricket stumps  has been connected with Latin bājulus too – this could have been the source of Old French bail ‘cross-beam’ (‘loadcarrying beam’), which could quite plausibly have been applied to cricket bails; on the other hand it may go back to Old French bail, baille ‘enclosed court’ (source of English bailey ), which originally in English meant the ‘encircling walls of a castle’ but by the 19th century at the latest had developed the sense ‘bar for separating animals in a stable’.
- bail (n.1)
- "bond money," late 15c., a sense that apparently developed from that of "temporary release from jail" (into the custody of another, who gives security), recorded from early 15c. That evolved from earlier meaning "captivity, custody" (early 14c.). From Old French baillier "to control, to guard, deliver" (12c.), from Latin bajulare "to bear a burden," from bajulus "porter," which is of unknown origin. In late 18c. criminal slang, to give leg bail meant "to run away."
- bail (v.2)
- "to procure someone's release from prison" (by posting bail), 1580s, from bail (n.1); usually with out. Related: Bailed; bailing.
- bail (v.1)
- "to dip water out of," 1610s, from baile (n.) "small wooden bucket" (mid-14c.), from nautical Old French baille "bucket, pail," from Medieval Latin *bajula (aquae), literally "porter of water," from Latin bajulare "to bear a burden" (see bail (n.1)). To bail out "leave suddenly" (intransitive) is recorded from 1930, originally of airplane pilots. Related: Bailed; bailing.
- bail (n.2)
- "horizontal piece of wood in a cricket wicket," c. 1742, originally "any cross bar" (1570s), probably identical with Middle French bail "horizontal piece of wood affixed on two stakes," and with English bail "palisade wall, outer wall of a castle" (see bailey).
- 1. Both were remanded on bail by Wrexham magistrates until March 24.
- 2. He was yesterday given bail by South Yorkshire magistrates.
- 3. They will discuss how to bail the economy out of its slump.
- 4. Bristol Crown Court granted conditional bail with a surety of £2,500.
- 5. He desperately needed cash to bail out the ailing restaurant.
[ bail 造句 ]