CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
来自法语 satellite,侍卫，卫兵，来自拉丁语 satellites,侍卫，随从，可能来自古拉丁语*satro, 满的，足够的，*leit,走，引导，词源同 lead.词义演变比较 follow.引申词义卫星，人造卫星。
- satellite:  Satellite comes via French satellite from Latin satelles ‘attendant, escort’, which itself probably went back to Etruscan satnal. Its use for a ‘body orbiting a planet’ is first recorded in English in 1665, and comes from the astronomer Johannes Kepler’s application of Latin satelles to the moons of Jupiter.
- satellite (n.)
- 1540s, "follower or attendant of a superior person," from Middle French satellite (14c.), from Latin satellitem (nominative satelles) "attendant, companion, courtier, accomplice, assistant," perhaps from Etruscan satnal (Klein), or a compound of roots *satro- "full, enough" + *leit- "to go" (Tucker); compare English follow, which is constructed of similar roots.
Meaning "planet that revolves about a larger one" first attested 1660s, in reference to the moons of Jupiter, from Latin satellites, which was used in this sense 1610s by German astronomer Johannes Kepler (1571-1630). Galileo, who had discovered them, called them Sidera Medicæa in honor of the Medici family. Meaning "man-made machinery orbiting the Earth" first recorded 1936 as theory, 1957 as fact. Meaning "country dependent and subservient to another" is recorded from 1800.
- 1. The coded signal is received by satellite dish aerials.
- 2. Something must have gone wrong with the satellite link.
- 3. The satellite had been inactive since its launch two years ago.
- 4. NASA plans to launch a satellite to study cosmic rays.
- 5. The live satellite broadcast was beamed into homes across America.
[ satellite 造句 ]