- n. 短袜；一击
- vt. 重击；给……穿袜
- adv. 正着地；不偏不倚地
- adj. 非常成功的
- n. (Sock)人名；(德)佐克
CET4 TEM4 GRE 考 研 CET6
来自古英语 socc,拖鞋，便鞋，来自拉丁语 soccus,拖鞋，特指一种古罗马时期喜剧演员穿的 滑稽的毛织的低根鞋。后引申词义短袜，原词义不再使用。动词词义猛击，重击可能来自其 比喻义，即把别人的袜子都打落。
- sock: English has two distinct words sock. The noun ‘foot covering’ [OE] originally meant ‘light shoe’, and went back ultimately to Greek súkkhos, a word perhaps borrowed from some Asiatic language. Latin took this over as soccus, which was then borrowed into prehistoric Germanic as *sok-. And this in turn evolved into German socke, Dutch zok, Swedish socka, Danish sok, and English sock. The origins of sock ‘hit’  are not known.
- sock (n.1)
- "knitted or woven covering for the foot, short stocking," early 14c., from Old English socc "slipper, light shoe," from Latin soccus "slipper, light low-heeled shoe," probably a variant of Greek sykchos, word for a kind of shoe, perhaps from Phrygian or another Asiatic language. The Latin word was borrowed generally in West Germanic (Middle Dutch socke, Dutch sok, Old High German soc, German Socke). To knock the socks off (someone) "beat thoroughly" is recorded from 1845, American English colloquial. Teen slang sock hop is c. 1950, from notion of dancing without shoes.
- sock (v.2)
- "to stash (money) away as savings," 1942, American English, from the notion of hiding one's money in a sock (see sock (n.1)).
- sock (v.1)
- 1700, "to beat, hit hard, pitch into," of uncertain origin. To sock it to (someone) first recorded 1877.
- sock (n.2)
- "a blow, a hit with the fist," 1700, from or related to sock (v.1).
- 1. Sock Shop was one of the high-street success stories of the 80s.
- 2. Come on, lads. Sock it to 'em.
- 3. He groped around in the dark for his other sock.
- 4. He put a sock in it.
- 5. Please darn the hole in my sock.
[ sock 造句 ]