TEM4 IELTS GRE
2. Soot is etymologically that which 'sits' on something.
3. settle, sit => soot.
4. literally "what settles".
来自古英语 sot,煤烟，烟灰，来自 Proto-Germanic*sota,煤烟，油灰，来自 sitjana,坐下，来自 PIE*sed,坐下，词源同 sit,sedate.比喻用法。
- soot: [OE] Soot is etymologically that which ‘sits’ on something – that is, a film which settles on a surface. The word comes from a prehistoric Germanic *sōtam, which was descended from the Indo-European base *sōd-, *sed- ‘sit’ (source also of English settle, sit, etc). By the time it reached English it had become specialized in meaning to the ‘fine black particles produced by burning’.
=> settle, sit
- soot (n.)
- Old English sot "soot," from Proto-Germanic *sotam "soot" (cognates: Old Norse sot, Old Dutch soet, North Frisian sutt), literally "what settles," from PIE *sod-o- (cognates: Old Church Slavonic sažda, Lithuanian suodžiai, Old Irish suide, Breton huzel "soot"), suffixed form of root *sed- (1) "to sit" (see sedentary).
- 1. Their faces were blackened with soot.
- 2. Soot is the product of the imperfect combustion of fuel.
- 3. Soot is usually the product of the imperfect combustion of fuel.
- 4. The inside of a chimney soon gets covered in soot.
- 5. Soot fouls the air.
[ soot 造句 ]